Bleeding gums are often painless. Typically gums will show other signs along with the bleeding, such as being swollen, irritated and red.
They can usually be treated. When bleeding gums are diagnosed early it can help prevent more serious problems from developing. As with most oral health concerns, when you experience bleeding gums, it’s best to book in to see a dentist as soon as possible.
People who experience bleeding gums often don’t have any pain with the bleeding. However, it’s not unusual to experience some tenderness or soreness when your gums are bleeding.
The most common cause of bleeding gums is gum disease. Bleeding gums can also indicate other, more serious issues. That’s why taking care of your oral health, having regular dental check-ups and practicing good daily oral health habits are so important. Some of the symptoms you may experience if you have bleeding gums include:
Bleeding gums can occur for a number of reasons. They can be due to gum disease, a side effect of pregnancy, or occasionally be linked to an even more serious issue, such as leukaemia.
Some of the causes of bleeding gums include:
Gum disease deserves its own mention as one of the most common diseases causing bleeding gums. There are two main types of gum disease, gingivitis and periodontitis. Of the two, gingivitis is more common and affects up to 70% of New Zealanders. Gingivitis means inflammation of the gums, or gingiva. It typically appears because of a film of plaque and bacteria building up on the teeth. If it’s left untreated, gingivitis can progress to periodontitis. Periodontitis affects around 30% of Kiwis. Periodontitis damages the soft tissue and destroys the bone that support your teeth. It’s far more serious than gingivitis and can eventually lead to losing your teeth.