Periodontics has been a form of dentistry since the early 1900s. It's specialist dentistry for the treatment of periodontal, or gum disease.
The procedures a periodontist does are:
- Scaling and root planing
- Pocket elimination surgery, to get access to the roots of teeth to remove bacteria, plaque and tartar
- Regenerative periodontal treatment, to help 'regrow' the bone and gum attachment around teeth, damaged by periodontal disease
- Crown lengthening, when a tooth is decayed or broken below the gum line to expose more of the tooth for a procedure
Periodontists often work with patients needing dental implants. They provide a fixed solution to replace missing teeth and improve support and stability of partial or complete dentures.
Some of the other treatments periodontists may do are:
- Soft tissue grafts to cover the exposed roots of teeth, reduce tooth sensitivity and prevent additional recession and bone loss
- Preservation of jawbone after extraction (socket preservation) which can minimise bone loss after tooth extraction and can provide a foundation for a future implant placement
- Sinus augmentation, which is performed to increase the thin wall of bone between the maxillary sinus and the mouth
- Peri-implant disease treatment for dental implants affected by gum disease