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Gum Disease

Gum disease is a serious condition which usually results from poor oral hygiene. Gum disease is inflammation of the gums that can go on to destroy the bone surrounding your teeth.

Gum disease is often painless so you might not even know that you have it. If left untreated it can eventually lead to tooth loss.

There are two main types of gum disease, gingivitis and periodontitis. Gingivitis is the most common and can affect up to 70% of New Zealanders. Periodontitis is more common in adults over 30 and affects around 30%.

Gum disease can be treated and is better for your oral health when diagnosed early. Regular dental checks, proper brushing twice a day and flossing will help to prevent gum disease.

Symptoms of gum disease

In most cases gum disease is painless so it is important that you take good care of your oral health. Regular dental checks are essential.

Signs of gum disease can be subtle. Symptoms may include:

  • red, swollen or tender gums
  • bleeding when you floss or brush
  • loose teeth or separation between teeth
  • continuous bad breath
  • gums that pull away from teeth
  • change in how your teeth sit together when you bite

Some people suffering from gum disease experience no symptoms or pain. The best prevention is regular dentist checks. Visits to the hygienists will also help keep your oral health in check and catch early stages of gum disease before it progresses.

Learn about the Periodontics and the treatment of gum disease

Causes of gum disease

The main cause of gum disease is plaque build up caused by bacteria in the mouth. Poor oral health is a large contributor.

However there are also a few risk factors that can contribute to gum disease:

  • Smoking
  • Diabetes
  • Pregnancy or hormonal changes
  • Medication
  • Genetics
  • Other health problems
  • Stress
  • Poor nutrition

Gum disease is common but preventable. Regular dentist and hygienist visits are essential to maintain good oral health.

Have questions?

The price of treating gum disease ranges depending on the stage of the disease and the severity. That’s why it is essential to visit the dentist regularly and having your teeth professionally cleaned. It is important to take care of your oral health to help prevent gum disease occurring.

Yes. You can greatly reduce your chances of developing gum disease by taking good care of your oral health. That means a combination of at-home dental care and building a great relationship with your dentist.

We recommend daily healthy habits and regular visits to the dentist. For optimum oral health:

  • Practice good oral hygiene habits at home including brushing your teeth twice a day and flossing once a day
  • Book hygiene visits with an oral hygienist or oral health therapist twice each year
  • Book routine exam and x-rays visits with your dentist once each year

The Lumino Dental Plan is a cost-effective way to ensure your oral health is given the priority it deserves. It’s an affordable ongoing subscription plan that keeps you on top of your oral health. We know that when you look after your oral health properly with regular preventative care, you’ll be less likely to need to see a dentist in an emergency. You’re also likely to spend less money at the dentist over time.

Early stages of gum disease are reversible with good oral care and regular dentist and hygienist visits. To help prevent gum disease you should brush twice daily, floss daily and go for regular dental checks. In more advanced cases treatment may include surgery or a medical procedure.

For most people gum disease is painless which makes it more difficult to notice. Regular dentist visits will help prevent and diagnose gum disease. If you notice unusual symptoms in your mouth such as bleeding, swelling, loose teeth or persistent bad breath we suggest visiting a dentist as soon as possible.

Gum disease is usually the result of poor oral health. Symptoms of gum disease can include bleeding and swollen gums, constant bad breath, loose teeth and gums that pull away from the teeth. Gum disease is often painless. If you notice any of these signs you’ll need to book into a dentist for treatment.

Gum disease can not be treated at home but it can be prevented. Taking good care of your oral health by brushing twice daily, flossing and regularly visiting the dentist can help with prevention.

We get it. We’re New Zealand’s largest group of dentists so we’ve seen more scared patients than any other dental practice in the country. For most people who are scared about visiting the dentist it’s because they’ve had a bad experience in the past. Relax. Our gentle and compassionate dentists understand how you feel. Whether you’re anxious or worried about experiencing more pain or the potential cost of the treatment, the best thing to do is to let us know how you feel. Making sure you feel comfortable is part of our job.

What next

Learn more about what's next by viewing some possible treatments. We recommend you book an appointment with a dentist for specific advice about your symptoms. You can search for your nearest practice and book online today.