Gum disease is often painless so you might not even know that you have it. If left untreated it can eventually lead to tooth loss.
There are two main types of gum disease, gingivitis and periodontitis. Gingivitis is the most common and can affect up to 70% of New Zealanders. Periodontitis is more common in adults over 30 and affects around 30%.
Gum disease can be treated and is better for your oral health when diagnosed early. Regular dental checks, proper brushing twice a day and flossing will help to prevent gum disease.
In most cases gum disease is painless so it is important that you take good care of your oral health. Regular dental checks are essential.
Signs of gum disease can be subtle. Symptoms may include:
Some people suffering from gum disease experience no symptoms or pain. The best prevention is regular dentist checks. Visits to the hygienists will also help keep your oral health in check and catch early stages of gum disease before it progresses.
The main cause of gum disease is plaque build up caused by bacteria in the mouth. Poor oral health is a large contributor.
However there are also a few risk factors that can contribute to gum disease:
Gum disease is common but preventable. Regular dentist and hygienist visits are essential to maintain good oral health.